Connecticut, US

After a series of complex negotiations, Brexit has been delayed until October 31, 2019. This could change if both the UK and the EU ratify the Withdrawal Agreement before then, and it could also be further extended. However, countries have been preparing for a no-deal scenario all along and this remains the default position. Below is a brief summary of what may occur in either scenario.
 
Deal
If a deal is approved, it is envisaged there would be a transition period until the end of 2020 during which the current position would remain the same for UK and EU citizens. Thereafter, arrangements for all citizens would be broadly the same across the EU region, albeit with some minor procedural and administrative differences (in fees, for example).
 
No Deal
Without a deal, there would not be a broadly consistent approach. Each member state would set its own policy for UK citizens travelling to and working in that country after Brexit. The EU has set out guidelines for the member states to consider when setting these policies, but it is likely there will still be significant differences from country to country. Some countries have released their proposals, and we can already see some trends. For the most part, there would be ‘grace periods’ within which individuals and employers can make necessary arrangements. However, grace periods will not be consistently applied across all member states, and each will have their own independent guidelines.
 
A summary of the latest position in each member state is set out below. This is very much a live position, and details are being updated on a daily basis as news emerges. Some important points to remember:
 
  1. None of this is law yet. Each member state still needs to go through the political process of adopting the proposals in the event of a no-deal scenario;
  2. Transitional proposals only apply to UK nationals living in the specified EU member state before Brexit. UK citizens travelling to or working in a member state post-Brexit would be subject to local requirements at that time; and
  3. Specific proposals would only extend to the borders of that EU member state. A no-deal scenario would potentially subject a British traveller to the local requirements of each EU member state.
 
 



Date Sent Country Alert Title/URL Executive Summary
11/04/2019
 
 
United Kingdom; European Union
 

Brexit Date Moved to October 31, 2019

  • UK and EU government representatives agreed to further postpone the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union until October 31, 2019.

  • This could change if both the United Kingdom and European Union ratify the Withdrawal Agreement before then. In that case, the United Kingdom would leave the European Union the first day of the following month.
  • During the extension, the United Kingdom will remain a member of the European Union and UK nationals will continue to benefit from the rights provided to EU nationals, meaning they will not need work permits to work in EU countries.
  • However, if the United Kingdom does not hold elections for the European Parliament between May 23-26, 2019 and does not ratify the Withdrawal Agreement before May 22, 2019, a no-deal Brexit will occur on June 1, 2019, unless a further extension is granted.
29/03/2019
 
 
United Kingdom; European Union

Brexit Date Moved to April 12, 2019

  • The United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union will be postponed to April 12, 2019. The UK parliament has not approved the Withdrawal Agreement –which the European Union required to allow a Brexit extension until May 22, 2019 –during a third vote on March 29, 2019.

  • Fragomen expects that the UK parliament will develop further proposals on feasible alternative strategies in the coming days. These may be submitted for a further vote next week. The current most feasible strategies –organising a second referendum and seeking a customs union –would both require Brexit day to be postponed for several months at least and would thus require the United Kingdom to hold European Parliament elections.
  • If the United Kingdom does not identify candidates for European Parliament elections on or before April 11, 2019, a no-deal Brexit will occur automatically.
  • A no-deal Brexit would remain the legal default and could occur on April 12, 2019. Employers are advised to set up contingency plans in case of a no-deal Brexit on April 12, 2019.
22/03/2019
 
 
United Kingdom; European Union

European Union Conditionally Approves Brexit Extension

The European Union has approved an extension of the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union under the following two scenarios, both of which would require UK legislative amendment to take effect:
  • If the UK parliament approves the Withdrawal Agreement before March 29, 2019, the European Union has agreed to an extension until May 22, 2019. After this date, an approved agreement would take effect and it is expected that a Brexit transitional period would commence.
  • If the UK parliament does not approve the Withdrawal Agreement next week, the European Union has agreed to an extension until April 12, 2019 to allow the United Kingdom to indicate its preferred Brexit approach before this date. This would include a no-deal Brexit, a longer extension, approving an exit agreement or revoking Brexit. A no-deal Brexit would remain the legal default and could occur on April 12, 2019.
12/03/2019
 
 
United Kingdom; European Union
 

Brexit Withdrawal Agreement Rejected by UK Parliament Again

The UK parliament has rejected the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement once again.
  • Parliament is now expected to vote on whether to leave the European Union with no deal on March 13.
  • If Parliament votes against leaving the European Union without a Withdrawal Agreement, there would be a vote on March 14 on whether to request Article 50 to be extended and the date of the United Kingdom’s exit to be pushed back by a short period. Employers are advised to set up contingency plans in case of a no-deal Brexit on March 29, 2019.

15/01/2019

 
 
United Kingdom; European Union
 
Brexit Withdrawal Agreement Rejected by UK Parliament The UK parliament has rejected the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement. The government now has three parliamentary working days (by close of business January 21, 2019) to set out an alternative plan of action. Although the next steps are not yet clear, employers are advised to set up contingency plans in case of a no-deal Brexit if no further agreement is approved before March 29, 2019. 
06/12/2018
 
 
United Kingdom; European Union
 
Policy Paper Details EU Nationals’ Position in the United Kingdom in No-Deal Brexit A recent UK Home Office policy paper outlines the arrangements for EU nationals residing in the United Kingdom in case of a no-deal Brexit. The Home Office calls on EU countries to guarantee similar protections for UK nationals residing in the European Union. 
15/11/2018
 
 
United Kingdom; European Union
 
Brexit Withdrawal Agreement Approved
The EU and the UK governments have agreed to the terms of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union. The deal is significant, as it increases the likelihood of an orderly exit with a transition period, rather than a no-deal Brexit where ties are cut immediately on March 29, 2019. The deal now needs to be ratified by the UK parliament.  Many commentators are questioning how realistic the prospect of ratification is, with a number of Cabinet Ministers resigning from their posts this morning and opposition from Members of Parliament in all parties.
09/04/2019
 
 
United Kingdom; European Union
 

UK Nationals’Visa Exemption After Brexit Confirmed

The European Union has adopted a regulation confirming that UK nationals will be able to enter the European Union for tourism and business trips without a visa after Brexit for stays up to 90 days in a 180-day period, in either a deal or no-deal scenario.

28/02/2019
 
 
European Union
 

Coordinated National Brexit Information Website 

The European Commission has published a website tracking national information websites on Brexit. While the website consolidates the EU Member States' Brexit sites, some of the listed sites offer limited information that is limited to, for example, customs issues or nationals residing in the United Kingdom.

14/11/2018
 
 
European Union
 
European Commission Makes Progress on Brexit Contingency Planning On November 13, the European Commission published a contingency action plan and other documents in preparation of the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union on March 30, 2019, to mitigate negative impact if there is a no-deal Brexit. The contingency action plan contains provisions on visa policy in the case of a no-deal Brexit, travel to the European Union, and addresses the status of UK nationals already residing in the European Union.  The European Commission continues to advise that preparations should be made by stakeholders at the EU and Member State level, even while negotiations continue to secure a withdrawal deal.
16/08/2018
 
 
European Union
 
European Union:  European Commission Urges to Prepare for No-Deal Brexit While the European Union and United Kingdom remain committed to the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, the European Commission has advised stakeholders to prepare for a scenario where EU law will cease to apply to and in the United Kingdom as of March 30, 2019 with no transition period. This 'No-Deal Brexit' or 'Cliff-Edge Scenario' would occur if a withdrawal agreement is not agreed upon or ratified in time. 
04/02/2019
 
 
Austria
 

No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published

The Austrian government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in Austria after March 29, 2019 in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario. These plans have not yet passed the Austrian parliament. Central details of the plan include:
  • A six-month grace period would apply, during which time UK nationals and their non-EU family members residing in Austria for more than three months prior to March 29, 2019 would be able to apply for a national residence permit. This is an unusual provision as compared to other EU countries’ no-deal contingency plans, which allow foreign nationals already in that EU country to apply for a residence permit.
  • UK nationals currently holding an EU Residence Declaration would be able to continue working and staying in Austria during the six-month grace period.
  • UK nationals and their non-EU family members residing in Austria for a period shorter than five years as of March 29, 2019, and residing in Austria since December 29, 2018 or before, would be able to apply for a Red-White-Red Card Plus without having to demonstrate German language skills and other qualifying criteria.
  • UK nationals and their non-EU family members residing in Austria since December 30, 2018 or after, including new arrivals after March 29, 2019, would be able to stay in Austria until their visa-free stay period expires, but would be required to apply for a national work and residence permit.
21/2/2019
 
 
Belgium 

Draft Legislation Proposes UK Nationals’Work Rights in No-Deal Brexit

Updated draft legislation published in Belgium confirms that UK nationals and their family members residing in Belgium on March 29, 2019 would be allowed to continue working in Belgium during the 21-month grace period until December 31, 2020. Prior draft legislation did not yet specify labor market access rights during this grace period. Final comprehensive legislation as part of contingency planning in case of a no-deal Brexit has yet to be published. Fragomen will provide updates on the situation as they become available.
29/01/2019
 
 
Belgium 
 
Draft Legislation Proposes Rights of UK Nationals in No-Deal Brexit The Belgian government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals in Belgium after March 29, 2019 in case of a no-deal Brexit. Central details of the plan include:A grace period would apply from March 30, 2019 to December 31, 2020 during which UK nationals and their family members with resident status in Belgium on March 29, 2019 would be allowed to keep their status under the same requirements as for qualifying EU nationals.Labour market rights are expected to be granted under the same requirements as for qualifying EU nationals during the transition period, though the draft legislation does not provide specifics.The draft legislation does not provide further details on residency rights and labour market access for UK nationals arriving in Belgium post Brexit. There are indications that they would be granted residency and labour rights under the same requirements as for qualifying EU nationals during the transition period. After the transition period, Belgium would most likely apply a regime based on reciprocity with the United Kingdom.



This draft legislation must still receive final approval from the Belgian parliament to be finalized.
02/04/2019

Bulgaria

No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published

The Bulgarian government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in Bulgaria after Brexit day in case of both a deal and no-deal Brexit scenario.  The government has only taken legislative steps in terms of a no-deal scenario at this time, and the central details of that plan are:
  • There would be a grace period commencing on Brexit day and ending December 31, 2020, during which time UK nationals who have entered and reside legally in Bulgaria would be able to apply for a national residence document.
  • Non-EU family members would have until December 31, 2020 or March 29, 2022, depending on when they arrived in Bulgaria, to apply for a national residence permit.
21/03/2019
 
 
Czech Republic

Reminder on Local Registration

As a reminder, Czech authorities have urged UK nationals to apply for an EU temporary residence certificate (Potvrzeník pøechodnému pobytu pro obèany EU/EEA) –a voluntary registration for EU nationals –before Brexit Day. Those who fail to do so will not be able to continue residing and working in the Czech Republic post-Brexit and will only be able to perform activities allowed for business visitors. Non-EU family members of UK nationals are urged to apply for a dependent residence permit before Brexit Day. Only those with a valid residence certificate, residence permit, or pending application will benefit from the grace period and transitional measures in a no-deal scenario announced in January. Separately, Czech authorities have clarified that UK nationals and their family members who have resided in the Czech Republic for five years or more on Brexit Day and seek to obtain a permanent residence permit will not be required to demonstrate Czech language knowledge, as non-EU applicants would.
01/02/2019
 
 
Czech Republic
 
Parliament Approves No-Deal Law The Czech parliament approved the government’s proposed law detailing plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in the Czech Republic, to take effect after March 29, 2019 in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario. No changes were made to the proposal.
18/01/2019
 
 
Czech Republic
 
No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published The Czech government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in the Czech Republic after March 29, 2019 in case of a no-deal Brexit. Central details of the plan include: A 21-month transition period, commencing on March 29, 2019, during which time UK nationals already registered in the Czech Republic would be able to apply for a residence permit.UK nationals currently holding an EU temporary residence certificate would be able to continue working and staying in the Czech Republic until December 30, 2020.Non-EU family members of UK nationals, holding a corresponding residence permit, would be able to stay in the Czech Republic until December 30, 2020. After this date, affected individuals would have to obtain a different permit type.UK nationals residing in the Czech Republic for five years or longer would be able to apply for a permanent residence permit if eligible. Eligibility criteria would be the same as for non-EU applicants. UK nationals residing in the Czech Republic for a period shorter than five years would be required to apply for a local residence permit type if eligible. Eligibility criteria would be the same as for non-EU applicants.
04/04/2019  
 
 
Denmark
 
 
Update on No-Deal Brexit Law
As an update, the Danish parliament passed the no-deal Brexit law with no significant changes from the initial government proposal, except that the law now contains guidelines for UK nationals and their family members arriving after Brexit day.
01/02/2019
 
 
Denmark
 
Government Announces No-Deal Brexit Plans The Danish government announced that in case of a no-deal Brexit, UK national residents and their non-EU family members can continue to stay and work in Denmark. The government has prepared a draft legislative proposal to this effect, which it plans to submit to parliament in the second half of February to ensure it takes effect by March 30, 2019. The current plans envisage to maintain the status quo during an open-ended grace period until a permanent solution is implemented. The government urges UK national residents and their non-EU family members to check whether they hold a Registration Certificate and apply for a Registration Certificate or dependent residence permit, respectively, if not yet in place. Eligible UK residents and their non-EU family members can apply for permanent residence during the grace period.
15/03/2019
 
 
Estonia
 

Parliament Approves Amended No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals

The Estonian parliament has approved legislation detailing the treatment of UK nationals residing in Estonia after Brexit Day in the case of either a no-deal Brexit or if the Withdrawal Agreement is approved by the United Kingdom. The legislation differs from the initial government proposal and includes the following key points in case of a no-deal Brexit:
  • Eligible UK nationals and their family members would automatically be granted a temporary residence permit valid for up to five years, or a long-term residence permit if already residing in Estonia as long-term residents.
  • Eligible UK nationals and their family members would be issued residence cards starting April 1, 2020. Current identity cards remain valid in the interim.
  • UK nationals are urged to complete EU Registration (Elamisõigus) and obtain a local identity card, if not yet completed, to prove their right of residence after Brexit.
  • UK nationals and their family members arriving after Brexit Day would immediately be required to obtain a residence permit, under the rules that apply to non-European Economic Area nationals.
22/04/2019
 
 
 
France
 

Update on No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals 

The French government has published another decree that would apply in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario. The decree contains further instructions on the application deadline and document requirements for UK nationals and their family members seeking to continue to reside in France after Brexit day.
19/02/2019
 
 
France

No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published

The French government has published a decree outlining the treatment of UK nationals residing in France, to take effect after March 29, 2019 in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario. Central details of the plan include:
  • There will be a grace period, which will be between three and 12 months (a specific timeline would be defined later) after which UK nationals in France will have to apply for a residence permit.
  • UK nationals residing in France for less than five years on March 29, 2019 would be eligible for various available statuses depending on the purpose of their stay in France (for example, there would be a student status, contractor status, and self-employed status, among others).
  • UK nationals who do not fall in one of the above categories would be eligible for “visitor” status as long as they have sufficient resources (amount to be determined later) and are covered by medical insurance. Visitor status does not allow work in France.
  • UK nationals residing in France for more than five years on March 29, 2019 would need to apply for a long-term residence permit, valid for 10 years.
The plans are dependent on the United Kingdom granting reciprocal rights to French nationals in the United Kingdom.
03/04/2019
 
 
Germany

No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published

The German government has published further plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in Germany after Brexit day in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario. The new plans provide more favorable treatment for UK nationals in Germany than a previously- published proposal. Central details of the plans include:
  • A grace period ending December 31, 2019 would apply during which time UK nationals already residing in Germany must apply for a work and residence permit, which will be required for UK nationals to remain after the grace period.
  • UK nationals who enter Germany after Brexit day for work would be able to work without a work permit during their first three months of stay. Those staying for over three months will need to obtain a work and residence permit.
08/01/2019
 
 
Germany
 
Government Publishes First Immigration Plans for No-Deal Brexit The German federal government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals in Germany after March 29, 2019, in case of a no-deal Brexit. Central details of the plan include that:After Brexit, UK nationals would be required to hold a national immigration status to continue residing and/or working in Germany (for example as an employee, student, or dependent family member);The requirement to hold a permit for UK nationals living in Germany would be waived between March 30 and June 30, 2019, with the possibility of an administrative extension of this deadline; andUK nationals would retain the right to reside and work in Germany while their immigration application is adjudicated as long as it is timely filed.

The government's plans require further approval by German parliament. Fragomen expects the plans to be enacted into law in the coming weeks.
26/03/2019
 
 
Greece
 

No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published

 

The Greek government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals currently residing in Greece in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario. Central details of the plan include:
  • A grace period until December 31, 2020, during which time UK nationals already registered in Greece would be able to apply for a national residence permit.
  • Non-EU family members of UK nationals, holding a corresponding residence permit, would also be able to stay in Greece until December 31, 2020. After this date, affected individuals would have to obtain a different permit type.
  • UK nationals and their family members arriving in Greece before December 31, 2020 will still be treated as EU nationals and can continue to apply for EU registration or residence permits as dependents of an EU national, respectively.
29/03/2019
 
 
Hungary

No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published

The Hungarian government has published a draft bill for the treatment of UK nationals residing in Hungary after the United Kingdom’s exit day in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario. Central details of the plan include:
  • A three-year grace period, commencing on the exit day, during which time UK nationals holding a valid registration certificate or permanent residence card in Hungary would be able to apply for a National Settlement Permit, the national permanent residence permit type.
  • Non-EU family members of UK nationals, holding a corresponding residence permit or permanent residence card, would also be able to stay in Hungary and apply for a National Settlement Permit during the grace period.
  • Eligible UK nationals and their family members would benefit from facilitated eligibility criteria for the National Settlement Permit. Alternatively, eligible applicants could apply for an EU Settlement Permit, the Hungarian EU long-term residence permit type, under similar eligibility criteria as non-EU nationals.
21/03/2019
 
 
Ireland

Non-EU Family Members of UK Nationals To Automatically Receive Alternate Permit

The Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service (INIS) has confirmed that non-EU family members of UK nationals who currently hold a valid dependent residence permit (‘EU Treaty Rights’permission) or have a pending application will automatically be granted an equivalent alternate national permit type in case of a no-deal Brexit. The national permit type will have equivalent rights to reside and work in Ireland. It is not yet confirmed within what timeframe following a no-deal Brexit the permits will be replaced. Separately, it is not yet confirmed what permit type will be required for non-EU family members of UK nationals arriving after Brexit.
28/02/2019
 
 
Ireland
 

No-Deal Brexit Bill Passed; Not Focused on Immigration

Ireland has passed a bill that would apply in the event of a no-deal Brexit. The bill is aimed at protecting the status quo between the United Kingdom and Ireland in terms of individual rights, business and job support, healthcare, transportation, education and energy issues. Importantly, immigration issues are not covered in the bill as UK nationals can reside and work in Ireland independently of the United Kingdom's membership in the European Union. Reciprocal provisions exist in the United Kingdom for Irish nationals. Once the government completes the legislative process, Fragomen will report on any relevant immigration-related information, if included. Currently, Brexit will not have any effect on the residency and work rights of UK nationals living in Ireland or vice versa, though it might have implications for their non-European Economic Area family members - contact your immigration professional for specific guidance.
01/04/2019
 
 
Italy

No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published

The Italian government has issued a decree outlining the treatment of UK nationals residing in Italy after Brexit day in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario. Central details of the plan include:
  • A grace period until December 31, 2020, during which time UK nationals and their non-EU family members already residing in Italy would be able to apply for a national residence permit.
  • UK nationals residing in Italy for five years or longer on Brexit day would be able to apply for an EU residence permit for long-term residents if eligible.
  • UK nationals residing in Italy for four years or longer on Brexit day would be able to apply for Italian citizenship if eligible.
  • UK nationals residing in Italy for a period shorter than five years on Brexit day would be required to apply for a new residence permit type which has yet to be created. Further information on the eligibility criteria and application process will be published in the coming months.
11/01/2019
 
 
Italy
 
Government Announces No-Deal Brexit Plans
The Italian government announced that in case of a no-deal Brexit, UK residents and those with pending town hall registration applications can continue to stay and work in Italy. Affected individuals will be granted sufficient time to apply for a long-term residence permit. Unlike Germany and the Netherlands, the Italian plans thus far do not mention a specific transition period. The Italian government is working on legislation to develop these plan, which would include a specific residence permit application process, in more detail. UK nationals residing in Italy are advised to register with town hall if possible, to maximize their rights after Brexit. Fragomen will report on the transition plans when there are relevant developments.
21/03/2019
 
 
Latvia
 

No-Deal Brexit Update

 

The Latvian parliament approved a bill stating that UK nationals and their family members must apply for a new residence permit at the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs (OCMA) before December 31, 2020 to maintain status in Latvia. After Brexit Day, the government will send UK nationals with a valid Latvian residence document a letter explaining the procedure for obtaining their new residence document. Latvia previously announced that it would allow UK national residents and their non-EU family members to stay and work in the country until December 31, 2020 in case of a no-deal Brexit.
12/02/2019
 
 
Lithuania
 
No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published
The Lithuanian government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in Lithuania after March 29, 2019 in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario. Central details of the plan include:
A nine-month grace period, commencing on March 30, 2019, during which time UK nationals already residing in Lithuania would have to apply for a national residence permit under favorable requirements.
Non-EU family members of UK nationals holding a corresponding residence permit would be able to stay in Lithuania until December 31, 2019. However, non-EU family members of UK nationals who seek to stay in Lithuania after this date would have to obtain a different national permit type during the nine-month grace period.
18/04/2019
 
 
Luxembourg
 

Update on No-Deal Contingency Plan

The Luxembourg government has published further legislation on no-deal contingency measures, which contains the following key changes when compared to previous drafts:
  • the application filing deadline for UK nationals and their family member seeking to stay in Luxembourg after Brexit was decreased from nine to three months after Brexit day;
  • applicants are exempt from the declaration of arrival, medical testing, and the need to apply for a residence permit card after the preliminary residence permit application (which are typically required for non-EU nationals), but would still need to pay government filing fees (approximately EUR 80);
  • and those residing for more than five years (including stay during and after the grace period) would be allowed to apply for a long-term residence document (the type of document will be determined later).
Fragomen expects UK nationals and their family members who reach the five-year residence requirement during the grace period to be subject to facilitated eligibility criteria for long-term residence permit applications. Note that the contingency measures do not apply to nationals from British Overseas Territories.
01/02/2019
 
 
Malta
 
Prime Minister Announces No-Deal Brexit Plans The Maltese prime minister announced that in case of a no-deal Brexit, UK national residents can continue to stay and work in Malta. UK national residents would be eligible for a special 10-year residence permit – a longer validity than any current national permit type – which would be waived from government filing fees. The plans thus far do not mention a grace period during which UK nationals would have to apply for this permit. UK nationals entering Malta after March 29, 2019 would also be eligible for a 10-year permit, but they would have to pay government filing fees, and they would require work authorization to perform work activities. UK nationals residing in Malta are advised to apply for an e-residence card, if possible, to maximize their rights after Brexit. The e-residence card allows EU/European Economic Area nationals to prove their right to reside in Malta and receive national healthcare.
03/05/2019
 
 
Netherlands

Update on No-Deal Contingency Planning

As an update, Dutch authorities have published new legislation confirming a work authorization waiver for UK nationals and their family members already residing or working in the Netherlands at least two months prior to Brexit day and/or in possession of a temporary residence permit for UK nationals. The previous legislation did not state how long UK nationals would need to reside in the Netherlands prior to Brexit to be eligible for this waiver.

02/04/2019
 
 
Netherlands
 

Brexit Update for UK National Residents and Cross-Border Workers

  • As an update on Brexit no-deal contingency planning in the Netherlands, the Dutch Immigration Authority (IND) is currently issuing temporary work and residence permits in the form of letters to UK nationals registered with Dutch town hall. The permit letters will be valid during the grace period in case of a no-deal Brexit and must be retained for proof of work rights and for travel outside the Netherlands. UK nationals should register a non-temporary personal address with town hall, if not yet completed.

  • Separately, the Dutch government has confirmed that qualifying UK national cross-border workers can continue to perform cross-border work in the Netherlands after Brexit day in case of a no-deal Brexit, provided that their employment contract mentions their Dutch cross-border work and that they collect a passport sticker at an IND office after Brexit day.
07/03/2019
 
 
Netherlands

UK Nationals Should Register Under Personal Address to Avoid Issues Post-Brexit

Dutch authorities are urging UK nationals in the Netherlands who are registered under a company address as part of a temporary service offered by Expatcenters (joint immigration and municipal service centers) to change their registration to a personal address. UK nationals registered under a temporary/postal address (which can include a company or hotel address or Non-Residents Registry (RNI)) are not automatically eligible for a grace period, transition arrangements and a special residence permit after Brexit; nor will they receive related correspondence from the Dutch Immigration Authority (IND). Fragomen can assist with registration changes if needed.
21/2/2019
 
 
Netherlands
 

Government Launches Brexit Website

The Dutch government has launched a Brexit website to help businesses assess the potential impact of Brexit on their organizations, prepare contingency plans, and monitor developments. Affected foreign nationals can still use the dedicated immigration authority website, launched in May 2018, to learn about information that pertains to non-business issues.

07/01/2019
 
 
Netherlands
 
No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published The Dutch federal government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in the Netherlands to take effect after March 29, 2019 in case of a no-deal Brexit. Central details of the plan include: A 15-month transition period, commencing on March 29, 2019, during which time UK nationals already residing in the Netherlands would be invited by the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND) to apply for a residence permit.UK nationals residing in the Netherlands for five years or longer would be able to apply for a permanent residence permit under the same requirements as for qualifying EU nationals. Applicants would be exempt from civic integration.UK nationals residing in the Netherlands for a period shorter than five years would be able to apply for a temporary residence permit under the same requirements as for EU nationals residing in the Netherlands for longer than three months.UK nationals seeking to live and work in the Netherlands after March 29, 2019 would be required to apply for a residence and work authorization, but would be exempt from an entry permit.
14/01/2019
 
 
Poland
 
No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published The Polish government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in Poland after March 29, 2019 in case of a no-deal Brexit. Central details of the plan include: A 12-month transition period, commencing on March 30, 2019, during which time UK nationals already residing in Poland would be required to apply for a residence permit.UK nationals residing in Poland for five years or longer as of March 29, 2019, would be able to apply for a permanent residence permit under the same requirements as for qualifying EU nationals.UK nationals residing in Poland for a period shorter than five years as of March 29, 2019, would be able to apply for a special three-year temporary residence permit. After this period, permit holders would need to qualify for a standard national permit type under the same eligibility criteria as non-EU nationals.
13/02/2019
 
 
Portugal
 
The Portuguese government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in Portugal after March 29, 2019 in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario. Central details of the plan include:
A 21-month grace period, commencing on March 29, 2019, during which time UK nationals holding an EU Registration Certificate in Portugal would be able to apply for a national residence permit.
Non-EU family members of UK nationals holding a corresponding residence permit as of March 29, 2019, would be able to stay in Portugal until December 31, 2020. After this date, affected individuals would have to obtain a different permit type.
UK nationals residing in Portugal for five years or longer as of March 29, 2019 would be able to apply for a permanent residence permit if eligible. Eligibility criteria would be the same as for EU applicants.
UK nationals residing in Portugal for a period shorter than five years as of March 29, 2019 would be required to apply for a local residence permit type if eligible. A separate, facilitated permit type will be created, but details on this permit have not yet been published.
21/2/2019
 
 
Romania
 

Diplomatic Sources Confirm No-Deal Brexit Plans

According to diplomatic sources, the Romanian government plans to guarantee continued residence and work authorization for UK national residents and their non-EU family members in case of a no-deal Brexit. The government would introduce a nine-month grace period, during which affected residents would be able to apply for a national permit. The government is preparing draft legislation and practical measures to ensure implementation of this policy. Fragomen expects the plans to be formally announced before the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union.
21/03/2019
 
 
Slovakia

How UK Nationals in Slovakia Should Prepare for No-Deal Brexit

While the Slovak government is awaiting the United Kingdom's reciprocal guarantee that the rights of Slovak nationals in the United Kingdom will be preserved in case of a no-deal Brexit, human resources departments of employers with UK nationals in Slovakia should ensure their UK employees and assignees have completed residence registration with the Slovak Foreign Police and that they hold a valid Slovak Residence Card (Pobytovy preukaz obcana EU). The residence card will serve as proof of legal residence in Slovakia prior to Brexit. Local employees or seconded assignees who are not registered yet but plan to stay in Slovakia after Brexit Day should register their residence as soon as possible.
01/02/2019
 
 
Slovakia
 
Government Announces No-Deal Brexit Plans The Slovak government announced that in case of a no-deal Brexit, UK national residents and their non-EU family members can continue to stay and work in Slovakia. The government stated its intention to submit legislation to parliament at a future, unannounced date, but did not provide further details of the proposal. The government highlighted that any Slovak arrangements would be subject to reciprocal protection of Slovak nationals in the United Kingdom.

Many other EU countries have published contingency plans for UK nationals in case of a no-deal Brexit, with more expected soon. Fragomen will provide updates on the situation as they become available.

Please contact a Fragomen immigration professional for assistance in planning contingency arrangements in a single project. For more information, please visit Fragomen's dedicated Brexit site, which contains news, FAQs, and analysis/commentary in the form of blogs, videos, webcasts and events.
18/01/2019
 
 
Slovenia
 
Government Commits to Solution for UK Nationals in No-Deal Brexit  The Slovenian government confirmed that it plans to safeguard the rights of UK nationals residing in Slovenia in case of a no-deal Brexit. UK nationals currently residing in Slovenia can continue to work and stay until appropriate national application procedures are developed, and provided that their conditions of residence do not fundamentally change. Once a national application procedure is available, the government plans to contact current UK residents individually to inform them of the requirements for an alternative national permit status and inviting them to apply. The government is working on a formal proposal in light of the UK parliamentary vote and the need to find an EU-wide approach. The government has not yet set out the rules for those who do not qualify for a national work or residence permit. Other EU countries, including Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland have already published contingency plans for UK nationals in case of a no-deal Brexit. Fragomen is closely monitoring the situation and will report on developments as they occur.
11/04/2019
 
 
Spain
 

Update on No-Deal Contingency Measures

As an update, Spanish authorities have published further details on the permit types applicable to UK nationals and their family members in case of a no-deal Brexit, as well as instructions for applicants without correct EU registration certificates and EU dependent permits. Residents for under five years must apply for a special national identity card, which will be valid until the applicant reaches five years of residence, within the grace period. Residents for over five years must apply for a long-term residence permit. UK nationals without an EU registration certificate must first apply for a special residence permit before applying for a special national identity card; and must demonstrate residence in Spain prior to the United Kingdom’s withdrawal, proof of sufficient funding and health insurance to qualify. Family members of UK nationals holding a dependent residence permit must similarly apply for a special national identity card within the grace period. Family members of UK nationals without the appropriate dependent residence permit must first apply for a dependent permit before applying for the special national identity card; must demonstrate residence in Spain prior to Brexit day, proof of family ties, sufficient funding and health insurance to qualify.
07/03/2019
 
 
Spain

No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published

The Spanish government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals and their non-EU family members currently residing in Spain in case of a no-deal Brexit scenario after March 29, 2019. Central details of the plan include:
  • A 21-month grace period, commencing on March 29, 2019, during which time UK nationals and their non-EU family members residing in Spain would be able to continue working and staying in Spain, and would be required to apply for a different permit type allowing them to continue working and residing in Spain after December 31, 2020.
  • UK nationals and their non-EU family members residing in Spain for five years or longer would be able to apply for a standard long-term residence permit under similar eligibility criteria as EU applicants.
  • UK nationals and their non-EU family members residing in Spain for a period shorter than five years would be required to apply for a local residence permit type if eligible. Further details on the permit type, eligibility criteria and application process will be determined by ministerial decree in the coming months.
18/01/2019
 
 
Spain
 
Government Commits to Solution for UK Nationals in No-Deal Brexit  The Spanish government announced that it plans to safeguard the rights of UK nationals residing in Spain in case of a no-deal Brexit. It is working on a formal proposal to amend and adopt legislation; ensure sufficient staff and equipment for responsible government departments; and develop structured communication to guide individuals and companies. The government seeks to develop a system to allow eligible UK nationals residing in Spain to change status to a work and residence permit. The government similarly seeks to safeguard rights related to social security, healthcare, studies and recognition of diploma’s and professional qualifications, among others. Other EU countries, including Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland and have already published contingency plans for UK nationals in case of a no-deal Brexit.
11/04/2019
 
 
Sweden
 

Further Update on No-Deal Brexit Plans

As an update to prior guidance from Swedish authorities that UK residents seeking to travel after Brexit day in case of a no-deal Brexit should obtain a passport stamp from the Swedish Migration Agency, authorities have confirmed that appointments for such stamps can only be scheduled once a no-deal Brexit is confirmed, which is expected to occur very close to Brexit day. Processing times for a passport stamp are estimated at one week. Swedish border police has advised that UK residents with urgent travel needs around Brexit day carry alternative proof of current residence in Sweden (e.g., rental agreement, utilities bills related to local housing mentioning a Swedish address and the applicant’s name, proof of local registration, employer support letter plus a local employment contract) to facilitate re-entry.
28/03/2019
 
 
Sweden

Update on No-Deal Brexit Plans

As an update to Sweden's no-deal Brexit plans, the Swedish government has adopted a regulation stating that UK nationals who plan to travel outside Sweden during the 12-month grace period after Brexit should apply for a passport stamp issued by the Swedish Migration Agency to prove their Swedish residency status. Those who are planning to leave Sweden in April should ensure they obtain the passport stamp as soon as possible. Non-EU family members of UK nationals may not be able to travel outside Sweden, since no similar passport stamp is currently being made available for these individuals. Affected family members are therefore urged to remain in Sweden to prevent jeopardizing their immigration status under the grace period. As a reminder, UK nationals and their family members should check their residence status and ensure that their UK passports are valid before March 29, 2019.
23/01/2019
 
 
Sweden
 
No-Deal Brexit Plans for UK Nationals Published The Swedish government has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in Sweden after March 29, 2019 in case of a no-deal Brexit. Central details of the plan include:A 12-month transition period, commencing on March 30, 2019, during which time UK nationals already residing in Sweden would be able to apply for a residence permit. UK nationals currently residing in Sweden would be able to continue working and staying in Sweden during this period.UK nationals and their non-EU family members residing in Sweden for five years or longer by March 30, 2020 would be able to apply for a permanent residence permit if eligible.UK nationals and their non-EU family members residing in Sweden for a period shorter than five years would be able to apply for a special temporary residence permit allowing them to continue working and residing in Sweden until they reach the five-year threshold.UK nationals arriving in Sweden until March 30, 2020 would be able to continue to register as EU nationals. Only those planning to arrive on March 31, 2020 and after would be required to apply for a local permit under the same requirements and process as non-EU nationals.
18/04/2019
 
 
Switzerland

No-Deal Brexit Policy Update

As an update to its no-deal Brexit plans, the Federal Council approved a temporary agreement that would apply simplified work authorization rules for UK nationals until December 2020. Specifically, the Swiss government would not check professional qualifications, would waive the precedence given to Swiss workers, and would apply a temporary waiver of the need for federal government approval for cantonal permits, although the government would still check wage levels and working conditions. Separate quotas for UK nationals would also apply. Waivers would apply on a case-by-case basis. The agreement also allows the Federal Council to amend the quota set for UK nationals to take into account the interests of the economy as a whole and the precedence given to Swiss workers.
04/04/2019  
 
 
Switzerland
 
 
Update on No-Deal Brexit for Long-Term Stays
As an update to ongoing deal and no-deal Brexit preparations, the Swiss government has stated that UK nationals will continue to be visa-exempt for long-term stays requiring local work and residence authorization in Switzerland after Brexit day in case of a no-deal Brexit. Political commitments to ensure visa-free travel for UK nationals to the European Union and vice versa had already been made.
13/02/2019
 
 
Switzerland
 

Special 3,500 No-Deal Quota for UK Nationals

Swiss authorities announced that they plan to introduce a special quota of 3,500 spots for UK national applicants in case of a no-deal Brexit. If a withdrawal agreement is reached, current arrangements will continue to apply until the end of 2020. The new quota would apply to UK nationals on local Swiss employment contracts seeking entry between March 30, 2019 and December 31, 2019. The quota would be divided into 2,100 long-term B permits and 1,400 short-term L permits, and would be released on a quarterly basis. By comparison, EU and European Economic Area (EEA) nationals are subject to a 3,500 quota, divided over 500 long-term B permits and 3,000 short-term L permits, and released on a quarterly basis. This quota is typically exhausted within six to seven weeks of each release. Croatian, Bulgarian and Romanian nationals are subject to a separate quota. Corresponding legislation is expected to be submitted before the end of March.
11/09/2019
 
 
United Kingdom

Statement of Changes Published, Impacts EU Settlement Scheme, Tier 1 and Tier 2 Visas

The Home Secretary has published a Statement of Changes to the UK Immigration Rules. Relevant changes include:
  • Changes to the EU Settlement Scheme (EUSS) including a new right of administrative review and clarification that close family members of UK nationals returning with them from the European Economic Area or Switzerland will be able to make an application until March 29, 2022 (if the relationship existed on exit day) or December 31, 2020 (if the relationship was established after exit day.)
23/07/2019
 
 
United Kingdom
 

Boris Johnson To Become Prime Minister

  • Boris Johnson will replace Theresa May as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on July 24, 2019. 
  • Brexit will be at the top of the agenda for the new Prime Minister, who is committed to leaving the European Union on October 31, 2019 with or without a Withdrawal Agreement. 
  • Employers should continue to make contingency plans for a no-deal Brexit and identify, reassure and assist any European Economic Area and Swiss staff or their family members who will need to apply for status under the EU Settlement Scheme.
30/05/2019
 
 
United Kingdom

UK Parliament Formally Confirms EU Nationals’Visa-Free Travel After Brexit

As an update, the UK parliament has adopted legislation formally confirming visa-free travel for European Economic Area and Swiss nationals on tourist and business trips for up to three months. Entry can be via an e-gate, and no formal documentation will be issued. This provision is intended as a contingency measure in case of a no-deal Brexit. Authorities continue to work towards legislation on this issue that would apply in a deal scenario, as an interim measure until a new immigration system is implemented in 2021.
28/03/2019
 
 
United Kingdom
 

EU Settlement Scheme Refund Information Available

The UK government has confirmed that after March 30, 2019, it will refund all EU Settlement Scheme application fees submitted before the government announced that the Scheme would be free. Refunds will be issued directly to the credit card used to pay the fees. As previously reported, starting March 30, 2019, the EU Settlement Scheme will be fully open and free for European Economic Area/Swiss nationals and their family members residing in the United Kingdom. The government had also confirmed that this will include family members of British nationals who were exercising their free movement rights under EU law before returning to the United Kingdom.
14/03/2019
 
 
United Kingdom

UK Parliament Votes to Request Brexit Extension

  • Postponing Brexit day. The UK parliament has voted to request Article 50 (the legal grounds for leaving the European Union) to be extended and the date of the United Kingdom’s exit to be pushed back.

  • Third vote on Withdrawal Agreement. The UK government has proposed to vote on the Withdrawal Agreement for a third time by March 20, 2019, the day before the next EU summit.
14/03/2019
 
 
United Kingdom
 

UK Parliament Votes to Request Brexit Extension

  • Postponing Brexit day. The UK parliament has voted to request Article 50 (the legal grounds for leaving the European Union) to be extended and the date of the United Kingdom’s exit to be pushed back.

  • Third vote on Withdrawal Agreement. The UK government has proposed to vote on the Withdrawal Agreement for a third time by March 20, 2019, the day before the next EU summit.
07/03/2019
 
 
United Kingdom

EU Settlement Scheme Available to All Applicants on March 30, 2019

  • The UK government has announced that the EU Settlement Scheme will open to all European Economic Area (EEA) (which includes Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway) and Swiss applicants and their family members starting March 30, 2019.

  • Starting April 9, 2019, EEA/Swiss citizens and certain family members will be able to apply for the Scheme from overseas, based on their previous residence in the United Kingdom.
  • Starting March 30, 2019, third-country national family members of EEA/Swiss citizens will be able to apply from overseas for entry clearance to the United Kingdom to join or accompany an EEA/Swiss national who has been granted status under the Scheme.
28/02/2019
 
 
United Kingdom
 

Government Considers Protecting Citizens’Rights in a No-Deal Brexit

In a change of policy, the UK parliament has requested the UK government to seek to safeguard EU citizens’rights in a no-deal Brexit. The UK government was not previously willing to safeguard EU citizens’rights as set out within the Withdrawal Agreement without a full withdrawal deal being agreed. This move by parliament is a welcome reassurance of intention for EU nationals in the United Kingdom, but has no legal impact unless and until the European Union formally agrees.
26/02/2019
 
 
United Kingdom

Government May Postpone Brexit to Avoid No-Deal

The UK government has announced a series of parliament votes on Brexit:
  • No later than March 12, 2019, parliament will vote on the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement including any changes agreed with the European Union at that date;
  • On March 13, 2019, if the Withdrawal Agreement is not approved, parliament will vote on proceeding with a no-deal Brexit;
  • On March 14, 2019, if parliament does not wish to proceed with a no-deal Brexit, parliament will vote on postponing Brexit day beyond March 29, 2019 until the end of June at the latest.
It is not yet clear what the next steps will be if the UK parliament does not choose to postpone Brexit day. Fragomen will report on relevant developments.
12/02/2019
 
 
United Kingdom
 
Guidance on Fees for European Economic Area Applicants in Case of No-Deal Brexit
The UK Minister of State for Immigration confirmed that further guidance is forthcoming for European Economic Area (EEA) applicants in case of a no-deal Brexit which will include instructions on how to apply for European Temporary Leave to Remain, the permit required for stays between three and 36 months.
The Minister confirmed that an application fee will apply, but the Immigration Skills Charge and, subject to parliamentary approval, the Immigration Health Surcharge will not apply to these applicants.
04/01/2019
 
 
Iceland; Liechtenstein; Norway; United Kingdom
 
Separation Agreement Would Protect Citizen’s Rights After Brexit  The United Kingdom and Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway have reached a Separation Agreement to protect the rights of European Economic Area (EEA) nationals living in the United Kingdom and vice versa after Brexit. The agreement is not yet formally concluded but is scheduled to be concluded before March 29, 2019. Once concluded, the agreement would also need to be ratified by the responsible national authorities. However, Fragomen does not expect there to be any changes made to the provisions of the agreement during the conclusion and ratification process. The draft agreement would ensure that nationals generally continue to benefit from the same rights as they currently do. The draft agreement covers residence rights; access to healthcare, pensions and education; social security coordination and mutual recognition of professional qualifications. In the meantime, the current rules governing the relationship between the United Kingdom and EEA countries will continue to apply. Once formalised, EEA nationals residing in the United Kingdom will be able to register under the EU Settlement Scheme in the same way as EU citizens. A similar agreement that would apply in a no-deal scenario to protect the rights of those residing by March 29, 2019 is still being negotiated.
13/02/2019
 
 
Iceland; Liechtenstein; Norway; United Kingdom

Agreement to Protect Citizen’s Rights in No-Deal Scenario

Further to the Separation Agreement between the United Kingdom and Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, concluded in December 2018, these countries have now reached a similar agreement protecting citizen’s rights in case of a no-deal scenario. Both agreements must still be formally concluded and then ratified by the responsible national authorities. Fragomen does not, however, expect changes to the agreement to be made during the conclusion and ratification process. The draft agreements would ensure that nationals resident in the host state by March 29, 2019 generally continue to benefit from the same rights as they currently do regarding residence rights; access to healthcare, pensions and education; social security coordination; and mutual recognition of professional qualifications. In the meantime, the current rules governing the relationship between the United Kingdom and European Economic Area (EEA) countries will continue to apply. This agreement only covers UK nationals living in an EEA country by March 29, 2019. UK nationals entering after this date would be considered as third country nationals and covered by the standard immigration rules of the country visited. Once formalised, EEA nationals residing in the United Kingdom will be able to register under the EU Settlement Scheme in the same way as EU citizens. The EEA/EFTA Member States have a choice as to whether to require UK nationals and their family members to apply for a residence status. As set out in the EEA/EFTA citizens’rights agreement and in line with the EU Settlement Scheme, any application process adopted by EEA/EFTA states for UK nationals must be short, simple and user-friendly.
28/12/2018
 
 
Switzerland; United Kingdom
 
Separation Agreement Would Protect Citizen's Rights After Brexit  The United Kingdom and Switzerland have reached political agreement on a Separation Agreement to protect the rights of Swiss nationals living the United Kingdom and vice versa after Brexit. The agreement is not yet formally concluded, but is scheduled to be concluded before March 29, 2019. Once concluded, the agreement would also need to be ratified by the Swiss Federal Council and the UK parliament. However, Fragomen does not expect any changes to the provisions of the agreement to be made during the conclusion and ratification process. The draft agreement would ensure that nationals generally continue to benefit from the same rights as they currently do, and would also apply in a no-deal scenario, but only to protect rights of those resident by March 29, 2019. The draft agreement covers residence rights; access to healthcare, pensions and education; social security coordination and mutual recognition of professional qualifications. In the meantime, the current rules governing the relationship between the United Kingdom and Switzerland will continue to apply. Once formalized, Swiss nationals residing in the United Kingdom will be able to register under the EU Settlement Scheme in the same way as EU citizens.