Virginia, US

Although the UK is no longer an EU country, immigration rules between the EU and the UK will not change until 1 January 2021. 

UK nationals already residing in an EU country will maintain their residence and work rights in the EU country where they reside, subject to a registration process specific to UK nationals. Under the terms of the Brexit deal, each EU country can choose to honour existing registrations or to require UK nationals to take some additional steps, so UK nationals should be familiar with the rules in the country where they live.

UK nationals moving to an EU country during the transition period (until 31 December 2020) will benefit from the same rights as those who have registered prior to Brexit.



European Union / United Kingdom


United Kingdom Leaves European Union

At 11pm GMT on January 31, 2020, the United Kingdom will leave the European Union, completing a Brexit process that started in June 2016. There will be a transition period until December 31, 2020 where the United Kingdom will remain in the EU customs union and single market, during which time UK nationals will retain the right to reside and work in the European Union and vice versa, and freedom of movement between the European Union and the United Kingdom will continue.

European Union


Local Registration Requirement Reminder for UK Nationals as Brexit Approaches

UK nationals in EU countries should complete any requisite national registration requirements to demonstrate their legal stay (which are voluntary in some EU countries and mandatory in others) before Brexit (January 31, 2020), if possible.  Although the Withdrawal Agreement has been ratified by the UK Parliament, and under the terms of that deal, any registrations not complete before Brexit would not negatively affect UK nationals in the European Union or their employers, completed registrations should make it easier for UK nationals to claim their rights protected by the Withdrawal Agreement.  Registrations also ensure compliance with national no-deal provisions, in the event that circumstances change. This proactive approach is suggested since the Withdrawal Agreement is not yet through its final stages of approval and because registration appointments are difficult to obtain in most EU countries.

United Kingdom


Bill Introduced to End Free Movement and Pave Way for Single Immigration System

The UK government has introduced a bill that is intended to end free movement from the European Economic Area (EEA) after 2020 and pave the way for a single immigration system applicable to EEA and non-EEA nationals starting January 1, 2021. While it does not set out in any detail how UK immigration will work from 2021, it will enable the UK government to introduce new stringent immigration controls for Europeans while loosening existing controls for non-Europeans.



Website for Residence Permit Applications for UK Nationals to Open July 2020

The French government is updating the website on which UK nationals registered for French residence permits prior to Brexit; the website is not expected to be available for new registrations until July 2020. French law requires UK nationals and their family members residing in France and those planning to enter France before December 31, 2020 to obtain a French residence permit by July 1, 2021. They will be able to register once the website re-opens.


UK Nationals Reminded to Apply for Post-Brexit Permit

The Dutch Immigration Authority (IND) reminds UK national residents to apply for a post-Brexit residence card within four weeks of receiving their invitation letter. Only 50% of invited residents have so far applied for a residence card, which could worsen the anticipated backlog in issuing post-Brexit residence documents. Residence card applications continue to be processed despite COVID-19 pandemic-related restrictions.




2021 Plans for UK Nationals Published

The Dutch immigration authority has published plans for the treatment of UK nationals residing in the Netherlands prior to Brexit and during the Brexit transition period, which runs through December 31, 2020. Central details of the plan include: The Dutch immigration authority will invite UK nationals and their family members registered in the Netherlands to apply for a residence permit at a modest fee through 2021. A six-month national grace period runs until July 1, 2021, during which time UK nationals already registered in the Netherlands would still be able to apply for a national residence permit. The type of permit issued will depend on length of residence in the Netherlands (at least five years, or less than five years).





2021 Plans for UK Nationals Published

The Swedish government has published a draft proposal for the treatment of UK national residents after the Brexit transition period ends on December 31, 2020. Central details of the plan include: UK nationals registered in Sweden before December 31, 2020 would be able to apply for a national residence permit for 10 months following ratification of the proposal, which is expected to occur around December 1, 2020. UK nationals residing in Sweden for five years or longer on December 31, 2020 would be able to apply for permanent residence or citizenship if eligible. Eligibility criteria would be similar to EU applicants. UK nationals residing in Sweden for a period shorter than five years would be required to apply for a local residence permit type if eligible. A separate permit type will be created.



Reminder:2021 Plans for UK Nationals

As a reminder, UK national residents in Switzerland and their family members seeking to continue to reside and work in Switzerland after December 31, 2020 should obtain an appropriate national residence and work permit before December 31, 2020. Since Switzerland is not an EU member state, EU nationals require residence and work authorization for stays over 90 days. As a result, obtaining residence authorization - which UK nationals must complete as an additional step to account for Brexit in most EU countries - is standard for eligible UK residents in Switzerland. The status of UK national residents in Switzerland is regulated by a separate bilateral agreement, and no further national measures are required (or will be published) to account for the current 'deal' Brexit.